Search This Blog

Saturday, December 15, 2012

Chasing Ice Opens in the UK

Posted: 15 Dec 2012 04:28 AM PST
The award-winning environmental film directed by James Balog opens today in the UK. Balog was sceptic about climate change but through his Extreme Ice Survey for National Geographic, he changes his mind in the face of undeniable evidence. The director makes use of time-lapse cameras to capture a multi-year record of the world’s changing glaciers.http://theenergycollective.com/energyrefuge/157506/chasing-ice-opens-uk?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=The+Energy+Collective+%28all+posts%29

Inconvenient Truths Not Spoken About at Doha

Inconvenient Truths Not Spoken About at Doha

The Doha climate change conference concluded this week with what has become a familiar ring.  Nothing much of import happened and increasingly fewer people noticed.  Oh, the issues at the surface are still the same as they have been since they first flamed out in 2009 at Copenhagen.  These events have become a global debate over wealth redistribution with the poorer countries trying to guilt the richer ones into paying them not to pollute their own backyards—-and if that is not silly enough trying to get the first world nations…Read more...http://oilprice.com/The-Environment/Global-Warming/Inconvenient-Truths-Not-Spoken-About-at-Doha.html
Enhanced by Zemanta

Energy News: Intense M5 quakes hit near Fukushima (MAPS & VIDEO)

Energy News: Intense M5 quakes hit near Fukushima (MAPS & VIDEO)



Posted: 15 Dec 2012 12:06 AM PST
Posted: 14 Dec 2012 03:15 PM PST
Posted: 14 Dec 2012 01:47 PM PST
Posted: 14 Dec 2012 12:42 PM PST
Posted: 14 Dec 2012 11:23 AM PST
Posted: 14 Dec 2012 10:30 AM PST
Posted: 14 Dec 2012 09:03 AM PST

Friday, December 14, 2012

Studies Link Earthquakes to Waste Water from Fracking

Studies Link Earthquakes to Waste Water from Fracking

The link between a recent rise in earthquakes and wastewater disposal from shale gas wells grows stronger, though skeptics remain.
At the American Geophysical Union meeting in San Francisco last week, scientists presented the latest evidence tying the disposal of wastewater from shale gas hydrofracking to increased earthquakes.http://www.technologyreview.com/news/508151/studies-link-earthquakes-to-waste-water-from-fracking/

2012 Set to Be Hottest Year On Record in U.S

2012 Set to Be Hottest Year On Record in U.S

Climate Central
Global warming is directly linked to only a few weather events and climate trends. One of them, however, is warming itself, which could make 2012 a watershed climate change year in the U.S. More than superstorms, wildfires, and devastating drought, this year’s record-smashing spring and summer heat waves, with their melted airport runways and warped steel rail lines, are more evidence that climate change is real.http://www.climatecentral.org/news/book-it-2012-the-hottest-year-on-record-15350

Measuring the Climate Impact of Natural Gas

Measuring the Climate Impact of Natural Gas

A system for measuring methane leaks could settle the question of whether natural gas is good for the climate.
No one knows just how much methane—a potent greenhouse gas—leaks from natural gas wells and pipelines. A new natural-gas sensing system from Picarro, a Santa Clara, California-based company, could help. It’s making it far easier and faster—and potentially cheaper—to detect and pinpoint the source of natural gas emissions.http://www.technologyreview.com/news/508536/measuring-the-climate-impact-of-natural-gas/

Samsung Chip Factory Causes Cancer, South Korea Government Finds AP | By By YOUKYUNG LEE

Samsung Chip Factory Causes Cancer, South Korea Government Finds

AP  |  By By YOUKYUNG LEE http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/12/14/samsung-chip-factory-cancer_n_2298294.html?utm_hp_ref=daily-brief?utm_source=DailyBrief&utm_campaign=121412&utm_medium=email&utm_content=NewsEntry&utm_term=Daily%20Brief

Science advice seldom followed in setting fishing quotas

Science advice seldom followed in setting fishing quotas

The WWF is stepping up pressure on European politicians ahead of a crucial vote on fisheries reform, with an analysis compiling a picture of persistent ignoring of scientific advice.http://blogs.nature.com/news/2012/12/science-advice-seldom-followed-in-setting-fishing-quotas.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+news%2Frss%2Fnewsblog+%28News+Blog+-+Blog+Posts%29

Block on Keystone pipeline lifted in Texas

Block on Keystone pipeline lifted in Texas

Chicago (AFP) Dec 13, 2012
A Texas court has lifted a temporary restraining order on construction of a small portion of the controversial Keystone pipeline, operator TransCanada said Thursday. Landowner Michael Bishop sought the injunction out of concern that the Canadian tar sand oil that will eventually be transported by the pipeline is more hazardous than typical crude oil and would be harder to clean up in case ofhttp://www.energy-daily.com/reports/Block_on_Keystone_pipeline_lifted_in_Texas_999.html

What Made Sandy So Destructive?

What Made Sandy So Destructive? Global Economic Intersectionhttp://econintersect.com/wordpress/?p=30298

The World Cannot Afford Exxon's Outlook for the Future

The World Cannot Afford Exxon's Outlook for the Future



http://oilprice.com/Energy/Energy-General/The-World-Cannot-Afford-Exxons-Outlook-for-the-Future.html

ENENews.com 12/14

Energy News: Newspaper: Headaches, nausea, eye irritation reported from giant sinkhole; Worries emerge about residents with cancer — Official Downplays Concerns: “My opinion… is the facts”



Posted: 14 Dec 2012 12:23 AM PST
Posted: 13 Dec 2012 11:13 PM PST
Posted: 13 Dec 2012 07:54 AM PST
Posted: 13 Dec 2012 07:04 AM PST

Thursday, December 13, 2012

America's Latest: The Tuscaloosa Shale Play

America's Latest: The Tuscaloosa Shale Play

Braden Holt, OilPrice
Horizontal drilling and fracturing have been the keys which have unlocked vast oil reserves in North Dakota's Bakken Shale and Texas's Eagle Ford Shale. The success companies have achieved while developing those two formations has led to the search for other shale formations with similar geological characteristics. Enter stage left: the Tuscaloosa Marine Shale (TMS) which is a similar geological age to the Eagle Ford Shale. The formation is deep, with depths ranging from 11,000' to 15,000', but contains plus 90% oil cuts and is prospective for economic quantities of oil in...http://oilprice.com/Finance/investing-and-trading-reports/The-Tuscaloosa-Marine-Shale-Play-Americas-Latest-Discovery.html

Bureau of Land Reclamation Colorado River Basin Water Supply and Demand Study Released

Bureau of Land Reclamation Colorado River Basin Water Supply and Demand Study Released



 
Recently, the U.S. Dept of Interior Bureau of Land Reclamation released a study, titled Colorado River Basin Water Supply and Demand Study (Dec. 2012). The details of the report, available here, are discussed is the executive summary excerpted below:
Funded by the Reclamation through the Basin Study Program under the Department of the Interior’s WaterSMART (Sustain and Manage America's Resources for Tomorrow) Program and the agencies The Study Area is shown in figure 1 and is defined as the hydrologic boundaries of the Basin within the United States, plus the adjacent areas of the Basin States that receive Colorado River water. In many adjacent areas, the Colorado River supply is in addition to other water supply sources used to meet water demands representing the Basin States, the Study was conducted by Reclamation’s Upper Colorado and Lower Colorado Regions and the representatives of the Basin States’ agencies. The purpose of the Study was to define current and future imbalances in water supply and demand in the Basin and the adjacent areas of the Basin States that receive Colorado River water over the next 50 years (through 2060), and to develop and analyze adaptation and mitigation strategies to resolve those imbalances.  
The Study did not result in a decision as to how future imbalances should or will be addressed. Rather, the Study provides a common technical foundation that frames the range of potential imbalances that may be faced in the future and the range of solutions that may be considered to resolve those imbalances.

Congressional Research Service Report Released: Bee Health: The Role of Pesticides

Congressional Research Service Report Released: Bee Health: The Role of Pesticides

The Congressional Research Service (CRS), the public policy research arm of Congress, just issued the report Bee Health: The Role of Pesticides (Dec, 11, 2012). The 26-page report authored by Linda-Jo Schierow, Renée Johnson, and M. Lynne Corn discusses the following:

Summary

Bees, both commercially managed honey bees and wild bees, play an important role in global food production. In the United States, the value of honey bees only as commercial pollinators in U.S. food production is estimated at about $15 billion to $20 billion annually. The estimated value of other types of insect pollinators, including wild bees, to U.S. food production is not available. Given their importance to food production, many have expressed concern about whether a “pollinator crisis” has been occurring in recent decades. In the United States, commercial migratory beekeepers along the East Coast of the United States began reporting sharp declines in 2006 in their honey bee colonies. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) reports that overwinter colony losses from 2006 to 2011 averaged more than 32% annually. This issue remained legislatively active in the 110th Congress and resulted in increased funding for pollinator research, among other types of farm program support, as part of the 2008 farm bill (P.L. 110-246). Congressional interest in the health of honey bees and other pollinators has continued in the 112th Congress (e.g., H.R. 2381, H.R. 6083, and S. 3240) and may extend into the 113th Congress.
This report:
  • Describes changes in managed and wild bee populations, given readily available data and information. It focuses on managed and wild bees only, and excludes other types of pollinators, including other insects, birds, and bats. Data on managed honey bees are limited, and do not provide a comprehensive view of changes in bee populations. Data for wild bee populations are even more limited.
  • Provides a listing of the range of possible factors thought to be negatively affecting managed and wild bee populations. In addition to pesticides, other identified factors include bee pests and diseases, diet and nutrition, genetics, habitat loss and other environmental stressors, and beekeeping management issues, as well as the possibility that bees are being negatively affected by cumulative, multiple exposures and/or the interactive effects of each of these factors.
  • Briefly summarizes readily available scientific research and analysis regarding the potential role of pesticides among the factors affecting the health and wellbeing of bees, as well as the statutory authority and related regulatory activities of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) related to pesticide use.

A 2007 report by the National Research Council of the National Academy of Sciences, Status ofPollinators in North America, provides a more detailed scientific context for this report and may be consulted for more in depth understanding about bee health. That study concluded that many factors contribute to pollinator declines in North America, and CRS accedes to that conclusion. Accordingly, the focus of this report on bee exposure to pesticides is not intended to imply that pesticides are any more important in influencing the health and wellness of bees than any of the other identified factors influencing bee health. Pesticides are only one of the many influences on bee health.
Because neonicotinoid pesticides have been the focus of concerns in Europe and in the United States, this report briefly describes recent scientific research related to possible effects of exposure to these pesticides on bees. The report concludes with a summary of recent regulatory activity regarding neonicotinoids at EPA, the federal agency charged with assessing risks and regulating U.S. sale and use of pesticides.
 

Long, uncertain path ahead for Gulf restoration after oil spill

Long, uncertain path ahead for Gulf restoration after oil spill
In the coming years, unprecedented billions will be spent on restoration in the Gulf of Mexico, a vital American ecosystem damaged by the most catastrophic oil spill in U.S. history. http://phys.org/news/2012-12-uncertain-path-gulf-oil.html#nwlt

Benefits, risks of using geoengineering to counter climate change

Benefits, risks of using geoengineering to counter climate change
If they wanted to, nations around the world could release globe-cooling aerosols into the atmosphere or undertake other approaches to battle climate change, an authority on environmental law said Monday. He recommended international discussions on a regulatory scheme to govern such geoengineering approaches. http://phys.org/news/2012-12-benefits-geoengineering-counter-climate.html#nwlt

Study finds the insurance industry paying increasing attention to climate change

Study finds the insurance industry paying increasing attention to climate change
The insurance industry, the world's largest business with $4.6 trillion in revenues, is making larger efforts to manage climate change-related risks, according to a new study published today in the journal Science. http://phys.org/news/2012-12-industry-attention-climate.html#nwlt

Hurricane Sandy: What caused the recent superstorm and how to prepare for the next one

Hurricane Sandy: What caused the recent superstorm and how to prepare for the next one
It has been just over a month since Hurricane Sandy devastated the coastal communities of New York and New Jersey, causing billions of dollars in damages and affecting tens of millions of people.  According to scientific experts, next time the results could be far worse.  And there will be a next time, say Queens College Earth and Environmental Sciences professors Nicholas K. Coch and Stephen Pekar. http://phys.org/news/2012-12-hurricane-sandy-superstorm.html#nwlt

Most read on The Energy Collective

The Energy Collective sponsored by Siemens
Most read on The Energy Collective
Warm winter creates continual drop in natural gas futures

 
The price of natural gas in the United States continues to remain lower than average due to warmer winter weather. http://www.pennenergy.com/articles/pennenergy/2012/12/warm-winter-creates-continual-drop-in-natural-gas-futures.html?cmpid=EnlDailyPetroDecember132012

ENENews - Energy - 12/13

Energy News: Unreported: “It appears we may have taken another burp” at giant sinkhole — Oil later filmed covering surface, then more land swallowed — All events were on west side of collapse zone (PHOTOS)



Posted: 12 Dec 2012 07:57 PM PST
Posted: 12 Dec 2012 04:43 PM PST
Posted: 12 Dec 2012 11:13 AM PST
Posted: 12 Dec 2012 09:47 AM PST
Posted: 12 Dec 2012 08:49 AM PST
Posted: 12 Dec 2012 06:44 AM PST

Wednesday, December 12, 2012

Forget Kyoto, Focus on China

Forget Kyoto, Focus on China

Tristan Edis, Business Spectator
The obsession with who has and hasn't signed-onto a continuation of the Kyoto Protocol and whether or not a country has a nationwide or economy-wide carbon price is a monumental distraction. What matters is whether countries are pulling their fingers out to help transform our energy supply.http://www.businessspectator.com.au/bs.nsf/Article/Kyoto-Protocol-carbon-price-clean-energy-climate-pd20121211-2UVYY?opendocument&src=rss

UNEP Booklet Released: Seeds of Knowledge - Contributing to Climate Change Solutions

UNEP Booklet Released: Seeds of Knowledge - Contributing to Climate Change Solutions

This month, the United Nations Environment Programme released a booklet titled, Seeds of Knowledge - Contributing to Climate Change Solutions for 2012. The 91-page document available here, "presents 24 case studies from 17 countries on grassroots solutions to the impacts of climate change."  According to UNEP,
[t]hese solutions come at a critical time. As never before the world is in a race against time to act on climate change or face cataclysmic natural disasters. Heat waves, droughts and flooding, we have seen them all. While vulnerability to climate change poses risks to all communities, the impacts are likely to be tilted against many of the world's poorest regions, which have the least economic, institutional and technical ability to adapt and cope.
Seeds of Knowledge aims to show that grassroots, community-led responses are already playing an essential role in building resilience to climate change across all regions of the world. With the right levels of investment and support, such initiatives can be scaled up and become a central component in reducing climate risks and supporting the transition to an inclusive Green Economy.

National Intelligence Council Report Released: Global Trends 2030: Alternative Worlds

National Intelligence Council Report Released: Global Trends 2030: Alternative Worlds

This week, the National Intelligence Council (NIC), a bridge agency established in 1979 to "support[ ] the Director of National Intelligence in his role as head of the Intelligence Community," released its annual report titled, Global Trends 2030: Alternative Worlds (2012).  The 160-page report available here, which discusses issues of food, water, climate change, and energy,
is intended to stimulate thinking about the rapid and vast geopolitical changes characterizing the world today and possible global trajectories over the next 15 years. As with the NIC’s previous Global Trends reports, we do not seek to predict the future—which would be an impossible feat—but instead provide a framework for thinking about possible futures and their implications.
In-depth research, detailed modeling and a variety of analytical tools drawn from public, private and academic sources were employed in the production of Global Trends 2030. NIC leadership engaged with experts in nearly 20 countries—from think tanks, banks, government offices and business groups—to solicit reviews of the report.
Prior versions of the report are available here:
Global Trends 2025
Global Trends 2020
Global Trends 2015
Global Trends 2010

Initial IPCC Predictions on Global Temperature Rise Remarkably Accurate

Posted: 12 Dec 2012 05:45 AM PST
The tremendous complexity combined with the short-term and local variability of climate make accurately forecasting global climate change one of the most challenging and daunting tasks ever undertaken by the scientific community.http://theenergycollective.com/globalwarmingisreal/155651/initial-ipcc-predictions-global-temperature-rise-remarkably-accurate?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=The+Energy+Collective+%28all+posts%29

Climate modelers see possible warmer, wetter Northeast winters by 2070

Climate modelers see possible warmer, wetter Northeast winters by 2070
A new high-resolution climate study by University of Massachusetts Amherst climate scientists, the first to apply regional climate models to examine likely near-term changes in temperature and precipitation across the Northeast United States, suggests temperatures are going to be significantly warmer in all seasons in the next 30 years, especially in winter. Also, they project that winters will be wetter, with more rain likely than snow. http://phys.org/news/2012-12-climate-warmer-wetter-northeast-winters.html#nwlt

Is the new boom in domestic natural gas production an economic bonanza or environmental disaster?

Is the new boom in domestic natural gas production an economic bonanza or environmental disaster?
(Phys.org)—For some Americans, it is our energy dreams come true. To others, it is an environmental nightmare. Ever since a new drilling technology, called hydraulic fracturing or fracking, made it possible to extract natural gas from shale deposits about a mile underground, a new gold rush has been under way. http://phys.org/news/2012-12-boom-domestic-natural-gas-production.html#nwlt

Will climate change cause water conflict?

Will climate change cause water conflict?
International researchers from 14 institutions met in Nicosia (Cyprus) on the 10th and 11th of December to present and debate the results of studies on water, conflict and security conducted in the past three years in a variety of locations in the Mediterranean, Middle East and Sahel under the CLICO research project. The CLICO project explored the social dimensions of climate change and in particular, conflicts related to water, and the threats this may pose for national and human security. The project was led by the Institute for Environmental Science and Technology (ICTA) of the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB) and financed by the Socio-economic Sciences and Humanities (SSH) Theme of the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme. http://phys.org/news/2012-12-climate-conflict.html#nwlt

Single spil could wipe out economic gains from Northern Gateway, researchers warn

Single spill could wipe out economic gains from Northern Gateway, researchers warn
(Phys.org)—A major tanker spill off the coast of northern British Columbia could wipe out any potential economic gains from the proposed Northern Gateway Pipeline project, according to new research from the University of British Columbia. http://phys.org/news/2012-12-economic-gains-northern-gateway.html#nwlt

ENENews.com - energy 12/13


ENENews.com - Energy News



Posted: 11 Dec 2012 06:03 PM PST
Posted: 11 Dec 2012 01:59 PM PST
Posted: 11 Dec 2012 12:08 PM PST
Posted: 11 Dec 2012 09:59 AM PST
Posted: 11 Dec 2012 08:42 AM PST
Posted: 11 Dec 2012 07:44 AM PST
Posted: 11 Dec 2012 06:42 AM PST

Massive gas line explosion in W. Va.


Massive gas line explosion in W. Va.


http://news.yahoo.com/photos/massive-gas-line-explosion-in-w-va-slideshow/

http://m.register-herald.com/TRH/db_265763/contentdetail.htm?contentguid=n2heyfRi
http://m.register-herald.com/TRH/db_265763/contentdetail.htm?contentguid=hnF5zIE6

Tuesday, December 11, 2012

Warm sea water is melting Antarctic glaciers

Warm sea water is melting Antarctic glaciers

Gothenburg, Sweden (SPX) Dec 12, 2012
The ice sheet in West Antarctica is melting faster than expected. New observations published by oceanographers from the University of Gothenburg and the US may improve our ability to predict future changes in ice sheet mass. The study was recently published in the journal Nature Geoscience. A reduction of the ice sheets in Antarctica and Greenland will affect the water levels of the world'http://www.terradaily.com/reports/Warm_sea_water_is_melting_Antarctic_glaciers_999.html
Enhanced by Zemanta

Exabyte Problem: Climate Scientists Grapple With a Deluge of Data

Exabyte Problem: Climate Scientists Grapple With a Deluge of Data


Climate science is a computationally intense discipline. The entire idea is to figure out what a massively complex system—essentially, the world— is going to do based on hundreds of different variables, including carbon dioxide concentrations, cloud cover, airplane contrails, and so on. And the scientific community's means for measuring those variables has improved dramatically in recent years, with satellites and any number of terrestrial sensors multiplying all the time. This is a good thing in principle, and a very complicated thing in practice.http://spectrum.ieee.org/energywise/energy/environment/exabyte-problem-climate-scientists-grapple-with-a-deluge-of-data?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+IeeeSpectrumEnergywiseBlog+%28Energywise+-+IEEE+Spectrum%29

NASA Visualization Captures Record Year for Wildfires in the U.S.

NASA Visualization Captures Record Year for Wildfires in the U.S.

This year has been an unusually severe one for wildfires in the U.S., with more than 9.1 million acres of land burned through the end of November, federal officials say. The total affected area, which is depicted in a new NASA map, is already the third-largest since records were first kept in 1960, and will likely break previous http://e360.yale.edu/digest/nasa_visualization_captures_record_year_for_wildfires_in_the_us/3715/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+YaleEnvironment360+%28Yale+Environment+360%29

Japan firm recalls China tea on pesticide fears

Japan firm recalls China tea on pesticide fears

Tokyo (AFP) Dec 11, 2012
Japanese food company Ito En on Tuesday issued a huge recall of Chinese-grown tea after some of it was found to contain illegal levels of pesticide residue. The firm said it was recalling about 400,000 packages of Oolong tea after spot testing revealed pesticide residue levels above Japanese food safety limits. Ito En said it started testing the tea from China's southern Fujian provincehttp://www.seeddaily.com/reports/Japan_firm_recalls_China_tea_on_pesticide_fears_999.html

Who Will Lead for Obama on the Climate?

Who Will Lead for Obama on the Climate?

Jason Plautz, InsideClimate
EPA Administrator Lisa Jackson speaks at the GreenGov Symposium in September 2012. Credit: EPA As a stalemated Congress shies away from taking serious action on climate change, environmentalists are focusing on potential cabinet openings at the Environmental Protection Agency and the Department of Energy that could further their efforts.http://insideclimatenews.org/news/20121210/president-barack-obama-energy-secretary-steven-chu-epa-administrator-lisa-jackson-climate-change-clean-energy

Surprise! Side Effect of Shale Gas Boom? Coal Boom Overseas

Surprise! Side Effect of Shale Gas Boom? Coal Boom Overseas

Forbes
The U.S. is achieving many of the energy goals because of cheap natural gas from hydraulic fracturing of shale  that it has failed to achieve through policy. Those achievements now include"”according to an account on Forbes from Energy Report"”70 percent of the CO2-emission reductions the U.S. would have committed to under the Kyoto Protocol, had the U.S. ever signed that document.http://www.forbes.com/sites/jeffmcmahon/2012/12/10/surprise-side-effect-of-shale-gas-boom-coal-boom-overseas/?ss=business%3Aenergy

NASA-NOAA Satellite Reveals New Views of Earth at Night

NASA-NOAA Satellite Reveals New Views of Earth at Night

Greenbelt MD (SPX) Dec 07, 2012
Scientists have unveiled an unprecedented new look at our planet at night. A global composite image, constructed using cloud-free night images from a new NASA and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) satellite, shows the glow of natural and human-built phenomena across the planet in greater detail than ever before. Many satellites are equipped to look at Earth during thehttp://www.spacedaily.com/reports/NASA_NOAA_Satellite_Reveals_New_Views_of_Earth_at_Night_999.html

Fire and Ice: Wildfires Darkening Greenland Snowpack, Increasing Melting

Fire and Ice: Wildfires Darkening Greenland Snowpack, Increasing Melting

San Francisco CA (SPX) Dec 11, 2012
Satellite observations have revealed the first direct evidence of smoke from Arctic wildfires drifting over the Greenland ice sheet, tarnishing the ice with soot and making it more likely to melt under the sun. At the American Geophysical Union meeting this week, an Ohio State University researcher presented images from NASA's Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observation (CAhttp://www.terradaily.com/reports/Fire_and_Ice_Wildfires_Darkening_Greenland_Snowpack_Increasing_Melting_999.html

Himalayas and Pacific Northwest could experience major earthquakes, Stanford geophysicists say

Himalayas and Pacific Northwest could experience major earthquakes, Stanford geophysicists say

Stanford CA (SPX) Dec 11, 2012
Stanford geophysicists are well represented at the meeting of the American Geophysical Union this week in San Francisco. Included among the many presentations will be several studies that relate to predicting - and preparing for - major earthquakes in the Himalaya Mountains and the Pacific Northwest. The AGU Fall Meeting is the largest worldwide conference in the geophysical sciences, atthttp://www.terradaily.com/reports/Himalayas_and_Pacific_Northwest_could_experience_major_earthquakes_Stanford_geophysicists_say_999.html

USGS Report Released: Century-scale Perspective on Water Quality in Selected River Basins of the Conterminous United States

USGS Report Released: Century-scale Perspective on Water Quality in Selected River Basins of the Conterminous United States

Recently, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) released a report titled Century-scale Perspective on Water Quality in Selected River Basins of the Conterminous United States (USGS Sci. Invstgn Rep. 2012-5225). The 120-page report available here, discusses:
[n]utrient pollution in the form of excess nitrogen and phosphorus inputs is a well-known cause of water-quality degradation that has affected water bodies across the Nation throughout the 20th century. The recognition of excess nutrients as pollution developed later than the recognition of other water-quality problems, such as waterborne illness, industrial pollution, and organic wastes. Nevertheless, long-term analysis of nutrient pollution is fundamental to our understanding of the current magnitude of the problem, as well the origins and the effects. This report describes the century-scale changes in water quality across a range streams in order to place current water-quality concerns in historical context and presents this history on a national scale as well as for selected river reaches. The primary focus is on nutrient pollution, but the development and societal responses to other water-quality problems also are considered. Land use and agriculture in the selected river reaches also are analyzed to consider how these factors may relate to nutrient pollution. Finally, the availability of relevant nutrient and inorganic carbon data are presented for the selected river reaches. Sources of these data included Federal agencies, State-level reports, municipal public works facilities, public health surveys, and sanitary surveys. The availability of these data extends back more than a century for most of the selected river reaches and suggests that there is a tremendous opportunity to document the development of nutrient pollution in these river reaches.