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Friday, August 2, 2013

Clean Coal Energy Technology Reports from Penn Energy

Clean Coal Technology Reports
Coal and Clean Coal Report
Summary
This new report analyses the global Coal market, the market drivers and the key components for future growth and development. For the first time China became a net importer of coal last year. Demand from Southern and South Eastern provinces was met by cheaper imports from Indonesia and Australia rather than more expensive coal from the provinces of Shanxi and Inner in the north, due to logistic costs. Domestic supply is also likely to diminish owing to the country's strategy of consolidating the nation's mines to eventually close unsafe and inefficient mines. In India, companies are buying up coal assets overseas, particularly in Australia, and are importing more coal. As domes-tic coal production is unlikely to meet growing demand even if logistics and operations within the country are substantially improved. Elsewhere, coal demand is expected to grow, but not at the same pace as China and India, due to rising natural gas prices.

Scope
In the near and long-term India, China and perhaps Brazil are expected to drive growth for coking coal for the domestic steel sector following projections of strong growth in steel production and consumption in these countries. Demand for coal will be driven more by China than India, in the former coal will be increasingly used to produce a liquid fuel and chemicals such as olefins, a long-chain polymer synthetic fiber, to reduce the country's reliance on imports. Australia, Indonesia and South Africa are expected to remain as major exporters, with growth in exports from Russia, Mongolia and other countries in the region to meet demand from China and, to a lesser extent, India. For the US mining sector, operations in the Power River Basin region may increase. But will be balanced out by a reduction in output from the East Appalachian region that mainly uses invasive mountain-top mining operations. Any resurgence in the US coal mining sector will only occur with improved clarity regarding the permitting process, and incentives ensure domestic coal is cheaper than imports.

The switch from underground to surface mining is expected to continue along with the consolidation of mining assets. More mergers and acquisitions involving big players are likely.

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Coal-bed Methane Power Generation Gaining Momentum Globally
Summary
A number of countries around the world are considering adopting Coal-Bed Methane (CBM) as an alternative resource for power generation. The issue of climate change and burgeoning power demand are driving nations to include CBM in their power mix. Countries that have large CBM reserves and are active in its production include Russia, China, Australia, Canada, and the US. Australia in particular has the highest number of CBM-fired power stations in the world. The market is driven by limited natural gas reserves coupled with rising fossil fuel prices.

Scope
  • Identifies the key drivers for CBM market
  • Focuses on Global CBM market development
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Cleaner Coal through Evolving Technologies Proves to be a Sustainable Power Generation Resource Globally
Summary
Cleaner coal through evolving combustion and gasification technologies has positioned itself as a potentially sustainable power generation resource globally. Advanced coal combustion technologies, such as Supercritical (SC), Ultra-Supercritical (USC), Circulating Fluidized-bed Combustion (CBFC) and Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) technologies, are leading this evolution. The need to increase the combustion efficiency of both conventional and new power systems has taken precedence as efficiency improvements result in low emissions from power plants. Given their high efficiency considerations, clean coal technologies are increasingly being used in a number of countries and have become the norm for new power plants in industrialized countries.

Scope
  • Market prospects for clean coal technologies with rising efficiency concerns and reduced emission levels
  • Key factors influencing the role of clean coal technologies in providing sustainable energy globally
  • Policy measures introduced by resource rich countries for encouraging clean coal technology development
  • Future market prospects for the growth of clean coal technologies with the need for energy security
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